Pakistan is short of heavy artillery shells: a single shell cost more than $100,000 and cannot be used to fire.
Large-calibre heavy artillery has always been the main force of fire support on the battlefield. In the past, large-calibre heavy artillery was mainly used through intensive fire, in the form of fire cover, to kill and injure targets. To this day, such tactics are still mainstream. However, for small targets that need to be destroyed by precision strikes, guided shells are required. Guided shell shooting accuracy is high, the bullet point error is small, suitable for the solid target to launch a strike. However, due to the installation of guidance components, it is also more costly than non-guided shells. At current international prices, a single guided shell often costs more than $100,000 per piece.
In many exchanges of fire with India, Pakistan’s heavy artillery units lost thier most of shells. However, the Pakistani artillery forces can only launch an emergency attack in the front, followed by the withdrawal. The reason for this is that pakistan’s artillery forces are quite limited in strength and have a small artillery base. In the last exchange of fire, pakistan’s artillery forces were virtually silent, and in subsequent retaliatory operations, India used precision-guided artillery shells and precision-guided bombs to strike-off several Pakistani army observation stations and forward forwork. Indian guided shells are causing heavy damage to Pakistan military but due to shortage pakistan army dont have permission to use those shells.
Pakistan, does not have a well-developed industrial system of its own like India, and the quality, quality control, and process of artillery shells are poor. In addition, the complexity of the sources due to the heavy artillery calibre used by the artillery units has resulted in a very bloated logistics support system and structure. Although some of the international advanced level of large-calibre heavy artillery to supplement the strength, but the procurement of artillery shells is quite limited. In daily training and live fire, these shells are fired one less shot. Thats why during live-fire between India and Pakistan is often dominated by India.
The Indian army recently received the 100th unit of modern K9 Vajra 155mm howitzer from L&T defence which was locally made in Gujrat. It noted that L&T delivered all the tanks before the time, it gives another huge advantage to the Indian army over Pakistan.
However Pakistan so-called and only friend China have large calibre heavy artillery shells, and its also cheap compare to other country produts. But due to low quality materials used during production, less effective compare to their Indian counterparts. Thats why Pakistan never asked to China for artillery shells.