Russian Borey project nuclear submarines are state-of-the-art vessels. They can stay out of sight and strike at an unexpected moment anywhere in the world. It’s sometimes named “genuine sea gods.”
The Borey project’s first nuclear submarine entered service in 2013. Borey was the codename for the strategic nuclear sub developed as part of Project 955. It took almost 30 years to develop, was designed by Russia’s Central Design Bureau Rubin, and set the country back $8.8 billion, which is about the same as the cost of three Chinese Liaoning aircraft carriers.
Putin once threatened that he would finish building Project Borey, Russia’s national weapon and Moscow’s trump card, even if it meant selling the Kremlin in pieces.
The “Borey” submarine is a massive vessel. It can reach a top speed of 29 knots and a maximum displacement of 24 thousand tonnes. It is 170 meters long and 13.5 meters wide.
At 450 meters, Borey is deeper than the US nuclear submarine of the Ohio class. The updated Borey-A project is aesthetically pleasing, taking the form of a graceful drop, which aids in navigation and significantly lessens noise interference during movement.
The Borey satisfies the primary operational needs of the Russian Navy and even exceeds the standards set by Ohio in some respects, according to general tactical and technical indicators.
Despite its massive displacement, a Project 650 submarine powered by a pressurized water reactor OK-955 and a steam turbine plant can achieve a remarkable speed of 29 knots (24 tons). When compared to the 25 knots that the 187,000-ton Ohio is capable of, this is an enormous improvement. Borey can travel to any oceanic location thanks to nuclear power’s indefinite endurance.
In addition, the Borey has a navigation autonomy of more than 90 days; that is, the nuclear submarine can hide somewhere on the seabed for more than three months! If the Russian mainland is under nuclear attack, this submarine will immediately launch a counterattack – and the range of its missiles covers all of North America and Europe.
The maximum range of missiles is from 8 to 10 thousand kilometers. The missile is equipped with radar reflectors and means of electromagnetic interference to combat the US air defense system. In addition, the Bulava can carry ten submarine-guided nuclear warheads that attack different targets individually.
The SLBM can throw out many dummy traps, and its penetrating power is extremely high. In addition, each missile is equipped with a booster system responsible for delivering the warheads to the target. The circular probabilistic deviation reaches 350 meters, significantly increasing the Bulava’s ability to deliver a strategic nuclear strike.
The Arctic Ocean is “Borey’s” primary deployment area. There is no season for this type of submarine; they are available 24/7, all year long. A thick ice crust won’t stand a chance against the reinforced shell, which can crack open 16 missile silos without a hitch. 16 Bulava ICBMs will be launched into the sky as soon as that happens.